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Odontoceti (toothed whales or odontocetes)

These toothed whales have teeth and a single blowhole. The number of teeth varies by species; it ranges from 2 (in some beaked whales) to 250 (some dolphins). They are smaller than baleen(non toothed) whales. Many species live in pods. Toothed whales have well-developed echolocation that they use to locate food (fish, squid, marine mammals, etc.) and other whales. Toothed whales have asymmetrical skulls.

Common Name:

Scientific Name:

Sperm whale

Physeter macrocephalus

Pygmy sperm whale

Kogia breviceps

Dwarf sperm whale

Kogia sima

Beluga Whale

Delphinapterus leucas


Monodon monoceros

Shepherd's beaked whale

Tasmacetus shepherdi

Baird's beaked whale

Berardius bairdii

Arnoux's beaked whale

Berardius arnuxii

Longman's beaked whale

Mesoplodon pacificus

Sowerby's beaked whale

Mesoplodon bidens

Blainville's beaked whale

Mesoplodon densirostris

Gervais' beaked whale

Mesoplodon europaeus

Strap-toothed whale

Mesoplodon layardii

Hector's beaked whale

Mesoplodon hectori

Gray's beaked whale

Mesoplodon grayi

Stejneger's beaked whale

Mesoplodon stejnegeri

Andrew's beaked whale

Mesoplodon bowdoini

True's beaked whale

Mesoplodon mirus

Ginkgo-toothed beaked whale

Mesoplodon gingkodens

Hubbs' beaked whale

Mesoplodon carlhubbsi

Pygmy beaked whale

Mesoplodon peruvianus

Spade-toothed whale

Mesoplodon traversii

Perrin's beaked whale Mesoplodon perrini

Cuvier's beaked whale

Ziphius cavirostris

Northern bottlenose whale

Hyperoodon ampullatus

Southern bottlenose whale

Hyperoodon planifrons

Mysticeti (baleen whales or mysticetes)

Mysticeti or baleen whales - These "great whales" are among the largest animals on earth. They have baleen plates instead of teeth, which they use to filter food. They are larger than the toothed whales and have two blow holes.

Common Name:

Scientific Name:

Southern Right Whale

Eubalaena australis

North Atlantic right Whale

Eubalaena glacialis

North Pacific right Whale

Eubalaena japonica

Bowhead Whale

Balaena mysticetus

Pygmy Right Whale

Caperea marginata

Gray Whale

Eschrichtius robustus

Common Minke Whale

Balaenoptera acutorostrata

Antarctic minke Whale

Balaenoptera bonaerensis

Sei Whale Balaenoptera borealis
Bryde's Whale Balaenoptera brydei
Eden's Whale Balaenoptera edeni

Blue Whale

Balaenoptera musculus

Omura's Whale

Balaenoptera omurai

Fin Whale

Balaenoptera physalus

Humpback Whale

Megaptera novaeangliae

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