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Scientific Name:
Panthera tigris
Family Name:
S.,and E.,Asia. In tropical and evergreen forest,mangrove swamps,grassland, savanna, and rocky country.
4 1/2- 9 1/4ft
220-660 lb
Social Unit:
93-111 days
1 - 6
Large and small mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish
HOME >> LAND SPECIES >> MAMMALS >> Cats >> Tiger


Tiger Snapshot
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Tiger Description
  The largest member of the cat family, the Tiger is instantly recognizable by its orange coat, vividly patterned with black stripes and white markings.
Although eight subspecies of tiger have been recognized, three have become extinct since the 1950s. The remaining five subspecies are all endangered, some critically so. The Tiger's size, coat, color, and markings vary according to the subspecies. Once found as far west as eastern Turkey, the Tiger now exists in small, scattered populations from India to Vietnam, and in Siberia, China, and Sumatra.
It lives in a variety of habitats, ranging from tropical forest to the freezing steppe, but its basic requirements are the same:dense cover, access to water, and sufficient prey. Tigers may require as much as 88lb of meat at a time and return to a large kill for 3-6 days.Animals taken are mainly deer and pigs, cattle in certain regions, as well as monkeys, birds, reptiles and fish.
Although solitary, tigers also travel in groups, with a male occasionally resting and feeding with a female and her cubs. The Bengal Tiger is the most common subspecies and exhibits the classic tiger coat: deep orange with white undersides, cheeks, and eye areas, and distinctive black markings that help camouflage it in the tall jungle grass.
The other existing subspecies are the Indo-Chinese Tiger the Chinese Tiger the Sumatran Tiger and the Siberian Tiger.
Protected in most areas, the Tiger continues to be hunted illegally for its skin and its body parts. Several conservation projects now exist to monitor and safeguard Tiger populations.


Found in Siberia and Manchuria, the Siberian Tiger ( Panthera tigris altaica ) is the biggest living cat. Its coat is the lightest among all tigers,and its fur is long and dense to protect it against the cold.
Critically endangered its numbers may be as low as 150-200.


The Sumatran Tiger ( Panthera tigris sumatrae ) is classified as critically endangered. Its numbers have decreased from 1,000 in the 1970s to about 400 in the wild, and around 194 in captivity.

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