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Lion
Characteristics
Scientific Name:
Panthera leo
Family Name:
Felidae
Location:
Africa and S. Asia. In grassy plains, savanna, open woodland and scub.
Size:
5 1/2- 8 1/4ft
(1.7-2.5m)
Weight:
330-550 lb
( 150- 250kg)
Social Unit:
Social
Gestation:
110-119 days
Birth:
1 - 6
Diet:
Large mammals, small mammals and reptiles
 
HOME >> LAND SPECIES >> MAMMALS >> Cats >> Lion


Lion

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Lion Description
  This "big" cat is unique among the usually solitary felids in forming long-term social bonds, with related females and their young forming a group called a pride, and remaining together over several generations. Around two or three unrelated males or four or five related males form a loose "coalition" and defend a large area against other coalitions of males.They mate with the pride occupying this territory for a period of two or three years, until they are driven out by a contending group of males.
The Lion usually hunts by a low stalk, alternately creeping and freezing, making the best use of cover. Pride members may hunt cooperatively, fanning out to close in on large quarry such as Wildebeest, Impala, Zebra, or buffalo.Males living with a pride let the females hunt, but have first access to the kill.
Varying widely in color from light buff and silvery gray, to yellowish red and dark ocher-brown, the Lion is instantly recognizable by the male's magnificent mane.
Lion cubs, sometimes born with their eyes open they follow their mother after three months, beginning to participate in kills at about 11 months. Females of the pride tend to give birth around the same time, and suckle each other's young.
Seriously threatened by the expansion of human activities and persecution, the Lion has become extinct in Asia, except in the Gir Forest in N.W. India.
 
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