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Scientific Name:
Panthera pardus
Family Name:
W.,C.,S.,E., and S.E. Asia, and Africa. In lowland forest, mountains, grassland, brush country, and semiarid desert.
3-6 1/4ft (0.9-1.9m)
82-200 lb (37-90kg)
Social Unit:
90-105 days
1 - 6
Large mammals, small mammals, birds and arthropods
HOME >> LAND SPECIES >> MAMMALS >> Cats >> Leopard


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Leopard Description
  Widely distributed over different habitats, the Leopard is extremely varied both in appearance and in prey preference. Varying in color with habitat, these large cats may be pale yellow in deserts and deeper yellow in grassland. The Leopards diet ranges from tiny creatures such as dung beetles to animals much larger than itself, such as antelopes. A large victim may provide enough food for two weeks, although such kills are usually made every three days, and twice as often by a female with cubs.
The Leopard's large head has powerful jaws that enable it to kill and dismember prey. An adept climber with immensely stong shoulders and forelimbs, the Leopard often drags its prey up into trees, for immediate consumption as well as for caching ( hiding for future use ) Up in the branches, it can eat undisturbed, the meat remaining safe from scavengers such as hyenas and jackals. Individual Leopards usually keep to a specific area, defending it against others, although a range of a male may include that of one or more females.
The Leopard is a solitary animal, but there are reports of males remaining with females after mating and helping to rear the cubs. More adaptable than the Tiger to the presence of humans, The Leopard often hunts for prey within a few miles of large towns.It has survived well, despite numerous threats to its existence.
Usually nocturnal, the Leopard rests by day on the branches of a tree or remains hidden in dense vegetation. Large trees are important for a female with cubs, both to escape from danger and as a place to hide food for her young.
Persecuted as a predator, and for its beautiful spotted fur, the Leopard is also threatened by the loss of habitat and prey.
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